Special Districts in Colorado are local governments, i.e., political subdivisions of
the state, which make up a third level of government in the United States. (The
federal and state governments are the other two levels.) Local governments
include counties, municipalities (cities and towns), school districts, and other
types of government entities such as "authorities" and "special districts."
Colorado law limits the types of services that county governments can provide to
residents. Districts are created to fill the gaps that may exist in the services
counties provide and the services the residents may desire. The majority of
districts draw their boundaries in unincorporated county land, but residents of a
municipality may be included in one or more districts.
As political subdivisions of the State of Colorado, special districts are required to submit a number of required filings to various state agencies throughout the year. These filings are primarily financial, but also include election results, lists of boards of directors, and others.